by Roy W. Smith published in 1946
Page 28

watch the shoe in flight and may cause it to travel erractically or twist and fly off the stake. Excessive wobble is often caused by too much arm effort in an endeavor to correct the elevation at the moment of release.

   Landing of shoes can mean the winning or losing of a game. When a shoe travels so the heel-calks land first, it nosedives into the stake; if the toe-calk lands first, the shoe may turn a back somersault or skid past the stake and out of scoring distance. The dead falling type, with all the calks landing almost simultaneously, is to be desired. In this respect a horseshoe and an airplane are very much alike; unless a good three-point landing is made, they will bounce, skid and roll.


   "Lining up the peg" is often the despair of the beginner and the more experienced player has his "off days" in securing accurate alignment. As a general rule, right-handed players are inclined to pitch to the right of the stake and left-handers to throw to the left. The grip, stance, step, swing, follow-through, release and elevation of shoe all have an important influence on the alignment. When difficulty is experienced in lining up, check all these fundamentals until the trouble is corrected. Be sure to stand squarely facing the stake and to pitch from the same side at both ends of the court. Step and swing directly toward the objective stake. Proper knee action and footwork will permit the shoe to be brought in close to the leg and swung up in a direct line with the peg. Keep the swing straight and always follow-through on each pitch. Make sure the grip is correct and let the shoe flow smoothly from the hand. Don't try to force the turn with a snap of the arm or wrist. Make the aim and release points correspond and keep the elevation at a proper and uniform height.

   If the difficulty lies in pitching short or over the stake, don't move ahead or back of the regular standing position for the chances are this will only increase the trouble. One must get used to the regular pitching distance. Perhaps the back or forward swings are too long, too fast, too short, too slow or the follow-through is incorrect. It could be that the elevation is too low or too high and that the shoe is not being released at the proper time. Extending the shoe to full-arm length and making the aim and release points coincide allows little or no variation in the swing and pitching distance.

   Here is an example that shows why a proper and uniform