by Roy W. Smith published in 1946
Page 14

   The beginner must start with a good grip on his shoe. To secure such a grip calls for a great deal of experimentation. All of the experts have gone through this stage of trial and error in order to develop the grip that is best suited to their individual styles of delivery. The beginner should not attempt to copy an experts grip, because the difference in the size and shape of hands, length of fingers and methods of delivering make it impossible to establish a definite rule for all to follow. There are several ways of gripping a shoe to make it land open at the stake. With the 1 1/4 hold it is possible to throw a 1/4, 2 1/4 and 3 1/4 turn. The 1 3/4 hold can be used for the 3/4 and 2 3/4 turns. Then there is the single and double flop and the tumble shoe. Sometimes a turn and flop are combined or a reverse turn is used. Some pitchers become rather skillful with such freak or "off" turns and even go so far as to win a state championship. An off-turn pitcher can be a source of worry to a title holder for years; but the 1 1-4 and 1 3-4 turns always come out the winners in all major and national tournaments.

   The turns given a shoe are indicated by the number of revolu-tions it makes in flight from the player's hand to the stake. To make a shoe turn either 1 1/4 or 1 3/4 times it must be held by one prong or the other. When a person picks up a shoe the most natural way to hold it is with the fingers wrapped around one of the shanks and the thumb placed across the top. The forefinger and middle fingers go underneath and the first joints curve up over the edge of the inner circle of the shoe. The third finger can be used like the index and middle fingers or, if the little finger is small and