by Roy W. Smith published in 1946
Page 11

as played in different sections, the leading pitchers of Missouri and Kansas met in 1913 and, after much hard work, adopted a uniform set of rules.

The first ruling body of the sport was formed at Kansas City, Kansas, May 16, 1914, under the name of The Grand League of the American Horseshoe Pitchers Association. This organization adopted a set of rules, by-laws, and a constitution with elected officers. It granted charters to clubs and state leagues and the rules were accepted as standard and official in all tournaments. The scoring method remained the same, with the exception of the following: the cancellation system was adopted, that is, like cancelled like; the weight of the shoes was limited to not less than 2 pounds and not over 2 pounds and 3 ounces. Stakes were raised to a height of 8 inches and the pitchers box was 6 feet square. Prior to the national tournament held at Kansas City, Kansas, October 23- 24, 1915, no records had been kept. This was the first "official" tournament for the championship of the world and was played under the rules of The Grand League of the American Association.

The National Horseshoe Pitchers Association of the United States was organized May 10, 1921, and during the National Convention at Lake Worth, Florida, February 26, 1925, the name was changed to The National Horseshoe Pitchers Association. This is now the only governing body of the sport in the country. It is a non-profit organization, formed to promote and protect the game under a uniform set of rules throughout the nation.

Under the able guidance of The National Association, the sport has grown so rapidly that an accurate census of all its adherents cannot be determined at the present time. However, it is safe to estimate the numbers to run well into the millions. According to Mr. Raymond B. Howard, former Secretary of The Association and publisher of "The Horseshoe World", there are approximately 3,000,000 organized players in this country alone. Over 200,000 of these are women. During the winter season, large numbers, residing in the northern sections, migrate to Florida, California, Texas and other southern climes where the winter season is mild. During the normal months of the year, the state of Massachusetts claims the greatest number of players, with New Jersey ranking as a close second. Ohio and Iowa rank third and fourth respectively and, together with California, are the birthplaces of almost all the champions. All of the states in the Union have their organized clubs and associations. Some of these have individual rolls of over 1,000 players. Incidentally, in sections where the summer season is relatively short, horseshoe pitching is quite popular as an indoor game.