EXERCISEºRECREATIONºSPORT


HORSESHOE PITCHING GUIDE

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tuted with the horseshoe. But, however, the same motion is used to deliver the horseshoe as the quoit. In the British Museum there is a copy of a famous statue by Myron of a discobolus in the act of throwing a discus or quoit.
    The horseshoe came into existence by attaching to the hoof of a horse a rim of iron, to aid in getting a good footing and to protect the hoof, which was named a horseshoe. This aided the animal itself in a very marked manner modified by shoeing, for without this we could have had neither the fleet races nor the present day powerful draft horses. Shoeing of horses does not appear to have been practiced by either Greeks or Romans, but. there is evidence that the art was known to the Celts, and the practice became common alter the overthrow of the Western Empire toward the close of the fifth century. It has been a common game since the Revolutionary War. The soldiers of General Washington pitched horseshoes while in camp, as did the British soldiers. In several historic pictures, showing the village blacksmith shop, a horseshoe game is seen in progress.
    During the Civil War the game was popular among the soldiers, and many good pitchers of their day were hailed as the champ of a company or regiment. The game was also pitched in the Spanish American War by the soldiers, and in the late World War, in many of the camps in the United States were horseshoe courts. In many small villages throughout, the country the game has been pitched, but no standard or set rules were used until the sixth day of May, 1914, at Kansas City, Kansas, was organized the Grand League of American Horseshoe Pitchers. Laws were enacted and rules adopted to govern the game. This was the first organized effort on the part of any one in the United States to see the possibility of it being a game of sport. National tournaments were held in Kansas City and a champion declared, in 1915. No special notice was taken of this loyal organization, they being almost in Kansas and Missouri alone, without publicity on a national scope. In February, 1919, at St. Petersburg, Florida, there was organized an organization known as the National League of Horseshoe and Quoit Pitchers of the United States. They held a tournament, called it a national affair, and sent out publicity to boost the game. Laws and rules were enacted, being somewhat different from the old rules adopted by the Grand League, the former using the distance 38 1/2 feet and the latter 40 feet. In 1920, February 23, the National League held another national tournament, which received much publicity throughout the country. There was no effort on the part of this organization to organize the game in all parts of the country, outside of giving a rule book, or some information on past tournaments. On October 29, 1919, there was organized in Ohio an association known as the Buckeye Horseshoe Pitching Association of Ohio. This association at once bid for a national tournament to be held at Akron, Ohio, in August, 1920, as the National League had held the two previous tournaments at St.