ward with the left or right foot. The majority of players pitch with the left foot forward, a few with the right forward.
     Pitch the shoes a height of from 6 to 10 feet.
     Watch shoes light. If they do not light open, try to regulate the turn by gripping the shoe closer to the heel calk or toward the toe calk. It depends on whether your shoes turn too much or not enough.
     With constant practice you will learn to throw the shoes open. After you have accomplished this, practice to pitch them straight at the peg and the right distance and you will make ringers.
     "Putt" Mossman won the title of World's Champion in the Summer National Tournament held in Minneapolis, Minn., September 17 to 21, 1924, when he was only seventeen years old. He successfully defended his title in the National Tournament held in Lake Worth, Florida, February, 1925. At this tournament, he with Bert Duryee, Wichita, Kans., as his opponent, made the record unequalled at the time this book is published, of playing the greatest game of horseshoes ever pitched.

Mr. Mossman Writes

     Don't expect to acquire in a few moments the skill and accuracy that can only come with hours of patient practice. However, even these first hours of practice are enjoyable to the beginner, not only as a pleasant pastime but for the strengthened muscles and skill in pitching that they will bring later on.
     If you want to become a good horseshoe pitcher, don't handicap your progress at the outset by trying to pitch old discarded horseshoes. They lack the necessary uniformity of size, weight, balance, width of opening and shape of calks, all of which are important factors in aiding you to Control the shoe in flight.
     By all means start right by using a regulation pitching horseshoe. It is scientifically designed to give the conscientious player every possible chance to improve his game. This is proven by the fact that 85 ringers have been made out of 100 shoes pitched-a record that is out of the question with any shoe other than the highest type of horseshoe, especially designed for pitching
     The two most popular grips used among expert horseshoe pitchers are indicated by the number of turns the shoe makes on its flight toward the stake. The one and one-quarter and the one and three-quarter turns are the holds referred to.
     If the shoe is turning too much or not enough try shifting your grip slightly between the toe and heel calks until the desired result is obtained. When you throw an open shoe remember where your grip was and stick to it. If it worked once, it will again. Don't change grips repeatedly. Stick to one and master it if you want to acquire confidence in pitching.
     Three things are necessary to become a good horseshoe pitcher- judgment of distance, accuracy and control of shoe. Don't be discouraged if you cannot acquire all of these the first time you try. Practice conscientiously, but do not over do, especially in the beginning when you may be unaccustomed to this form of exercise.

Controlling the Shoe

     Don't waste energy by throwing the shoes too high, 8 or 10 feet should be sufficient.
     Don't try to spin the shoe. With the beginner, the shoe will have a tendency to spin too much and therefore the grip and method of delivery should retard this spin to less than two complete turns of the shoe.
     When practicing, watch your shoe in flight for wobble or too much spin. Don't try for ringers at first, in fact the stake may be taken out and preliminary practice devoted entirely to pitching the open shoe. Wobbling is often caused by unnecessary wrist snap in an endeavor to correct the elevation of the shoe at the moment