edge of right hand fork of shoe. Keep calks downward with the thumb flat on top. With the other three fingers hold shoe from the bottom. The forefinger guides the shoe as it leaves the hand.

How to Stand
     You may stand anywhere in the pitcher's box which is six feet square with the stake in the center.
     Put your heels together like a soldier with the toes pointing out. It is permissible to stand on either side front or back of the stake. The best place is to stand on the side even with the stake. Be sure the ground is solid under your feet for the step forward.

The Open Shoe
     The open shoe is the one that lands with the opening between the heel calks toward the stake. If you whirl the shoe more than three and a half times, control is lost.
     A one and three-quarter turn has been found to be the easiest to control. It is used by the best horseshoe pitchers in the country.
     This is regulated by the grip on the shoe, by holding forward toward the heel calk or toward the toe calk. All depends on whether your shoe is turning too much or not enough.

     Fred Brust, who won his title of World's Champion Horseshoe Pitcher at the Winter National Tournament held in St. Petersburg, Florida, February 22 to 26, 1919, where he pitched more ringers than any of his 18 competitors, writes as follows on
How to Pitch Ringers
     To pitch ringers, players must learn to throw the "Open Shoe"- that is learn to throw the shoe so that it lights with the opening to the peg. There are many ways to hold the shoe to throw it open. No matter what hold you have on the shoe, you must get the proper number of revolutions. Some players pitch the open shoe with a ¾ turn, some use l ¼, 1 ¾ , 2 ¼ and 2 ¾.

The most successful holds are shown above. If you hold as shown in Figure 1, shoe must turn 1 3/4 times; hold as in Figure 2, 1 ¼ turn.
     C. C. Davis, the World's Champion, Frank Jackson, former World's Champion and myself use hold similar to No. 1 with 1¾ turn. Chas. Bobbit and Harold Falor both ex-World's Champions use hold No. 2 with 1 ¼ turn.
Stand on the left side of the peg, take a long swing and step for-